Recent draft law establishes legal status for indigenous people of Ukraine: Crimean Tatars, Crimean Karaites, Krymchaks

Ukrainian News
Canan Kevser
24 May 2021, 15:55
Canan Kevser
24 May 2021, 15:55

President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky submitted to the parliament the draft law defining the legal status of indigenous people of Ukraine. The bill published on the website of the Verkhovna Rada (Ukraine's Parliament) foresees indigenous status for Crimean Tatars, Crimean Karaites and Krymchaks.

The presidential bill aims to determine the legal status of the indigenous peoples of Ukraine and to establish legal guarantees for the full enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by persons belonging to the indigenous peoples of Ukraine established by international law and the Constitution and laws of Ukraine.

The text of draft law No. 5506 defines the concept of "indigenous people of Ukraine" as an "indigenous ethnic community formed in the territory of Ukraine which has original language and culture, traditional, social, cultural, or representative bodies, is self-aware as the indigenous people of Ukraine, an ethnic minority in its population and has no state formation of its own outside Ukraine." According to the definition, the draft law proposes to establish that Crimean Tatars, Crimean Karaites, and Krymchaks are the indigenous peoples of Ukraine.

Under the provisions of the legislative act, the indigenous peoples of Ukraine and their representatives have the collective and individual right to the full enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms as defined in the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, and in international treaties, the binding nature of which was approved by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, as well as those provided for in the Constitution and laws of Ukraine.

The document also establishes guarantees for legal protection from any actions aimed at; deprivation of signs of ethnicity and integrity as original peoples, deprivation of cultural values, eviction or forced relocation from areas of compact settlement in any form, forced assimilation or forced integration in any form, encouragement or incitement of racial, ethnic or religious hatred against the indigenous peoples of Ukraine. It guarantees the cultural, educational, linguistic, and informational rights of the indigenous peoples of Ukraine, as well as the rights of the indigenous peoples of Ukraine to sustainable development.

The bill provides for the determination of the legal status of representative bodies of the indigenous peoples of Ukraine, their resource provision, as well as the issue of international representation.

As reported, President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky earlier expressed his hope that draft laws important for Crimea and Crimean Tatars would pass prior to the Crimean Platform summit.