18 May 2019, 16:59

KGB documents on return of Crimean Tatars after deportation released on the Internet

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97 documents of the KGB on the history of the return of the Crimean Tatars from the exile have been made publicly available.

The materials published by the Ukrainian Liberation Movement and the Archive of the SBU inclide postcards and details of the hunger strike of Mustafa Dzhemilev, information on the “torch of freedom” of the Crimean Tatar people Mussa Mamut and his act of self-immolation, appeals and manifestos.

The way home was not easy. It was a struggle, it was a quiet, but still resistance. The KGB informed the leadership of the USSR that, as of July 1987, there were just over 20 thousand Crimean Tatars in the Crimea. In July 1990 more than 80 thousand Crimean Tatars returned to Crimea. And in September they were already more than 100 thousand, – said Director of the SBU Archive Andrei Kohut.

The commemorative date of the deportation is annually marked on May 18. It was on this day that in the year 1944, at four o’clock in the morning, that the eviction of the Crimean Tatars from the Crimea began. The Soviet government accused the Crimean Tatar people of cooperating with Nazi Germany during the Second World War. All Crimean Tatars who remained on the peninsula were taken to Central Asia and the Urals. Only on the way to the exile and in the first year after the deportation more than 30 thousand people died.