According to Zair Smedlyaev, currently 20 Crimean residents are considered missing with no information on their whereabouts being available. There are only witnesses who saw them abducted by men in uniform, most likely the security service officials. Therefore, Zair Smedlyaev doesn’t believe in the accusations by law enforcement authorities as if people have gone missing in connection with domestic conflicts. Rather, he tends to believe in FSB (Federal Security Service) provocations and even does not rule out the possibility that the bodies of missing people can be found in Syria to accuse Crimean Tatars in collaboration with ISIL.

Zair Smedlyaev is sure his phone is tapped since there were incidents when he arranged meetings with journalists, but on the spot encountered police who immediately detained them. Smedlyaev is not afraid of searches as he has nothing illegal, but the police can "find" something they planted.

The Head for the CEC of Kurultay of the Crimean Tatar People says the interrogations of activists have become the norm. In most cases, they are questioned about their activities. Intelligence agencies have repeatedly advised him to keep his head down, do not give comments and cease all social activities. Because of his uncompromising stand, Smedlyaev endangers not only his life, but also the lives of his loved ones as numerous threats have been made against him and his family. Despite all this, Zair Smedlyaev continues his struggle and doesn’t want to leave his home on the peninsula.