January 27 is the International Holocaust Remembrance Day. It was approved by the UN General Assembly on November 1, 2005. The document’s adoption was initiated by Israel, Canada, Australia, Russia, Ukraine, and the United States, jointly with more than 90 other countries.
On January 27, 1945, the Soviet Army liberated the largest Nazi death camp of Auschwitz-Birkenau (Poland). According to various estimates, from 1.5 to 2.2 million people were killed during the existence of the concentration camps. The exact number of victims could not be established, since the documents were burned. According to the Nuremberg Tribunal documents, 2.8 million people were killed there, 90 percent of whom were Jews.
“Holocaust, which resulted in the murder of one third of the Jewish people, along with countless members of other minorities, will forever be a warning to all people of the dangers of hatred, bigotry, racism and prejudice,” reads the resolution of the UN General Assembly.
Since 1953, Israel has been awarding the people, hiding Jews during the Holocaust, the honorary title ‘Righteous Among the Nations.’ Today, there are about 15 thousand righteous people in the world, including nearly 3.5 thousand citizens of the former Soviet Union.
In memory of the six million Jewish victims of Nazism, the memorials and museums have been erected around the world. Among them are the Museum of Yad Vashem in Jerusalem, the Documentation Centre and Memorial in Paris, the Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, the Museum in memory of 1.5 million Jewish children in Hiroshima, etc.
‘Holocaust’ has long been a term that refers to the Nazi mass extermination of the Jewish population of Europe (derives from the Greek word meaning ‘burntoffering,’ another meaning - ‘catastrophe’). In 1933-1945, a total of 60 percent of the Jewish population of Europe suffered systematic persecution. Around 2 900 000 people of Jewish nationality were lost on the territory of the former Soviet Union.
Anti-terrorist exercises launched in Krasnogvardeiskoe
Sanctions against RF for annexation of Crimea may increase
What threatens Sevastopol with new public vehicles on routes
Poroshenko reminds Putin about Ukrainian hostages
Kiev bridges across the Dnipro
Coach Myron Markevich came under fire in Maryinka
AGROPORT starts its work in Kharkiv
Family of human rights defender Emir Usein Kuku persecuted
Yesterday, RF violated Ukrainian airspace 40 times
"Crimean Word" - a source of truth in occupied Crimea
ISIL leaders are leaving Mosul
Another searches conducted in Bakhchysarai
Rested abroad - pay tax!
Ilmi Umerov was summoned to FSB for questioning
Cabinet plans to reduce price of medicines
Normandy four negotiations started in Berlin
Dynamo ceded Benfica
OIC unanimously adopts Turkish draft resolution on Crimea
UNESCO will reinforce monitoring of situation in Crimea
Muslims are sold "Halal" with pork in occupied Crimea
Parliament supports investigation into MH-17 crash in Donbas
Unusual Kiev monuments
Prime Minister of Estonia: Russia is at war in Europe
Central Asia: On the brink of a historic moment
Kiev activist car burned down