Yunus Mamut -- Son of Musa Mamut, a Crimean Tatar who set himself alight in a protest against the authorities’ attitude towards Crimean Tatars passed away and was buried in Donskoe village of Simferopol July 31.
QHA news agency expresses condolences to the family of Yunus Mamut. Allah rahmet eylesin!
Note: Musa Mamut was born to a shepherd family in Crimea. In 1944, the large family (Musa had five brothers and two sisters) was deported to Uzbekistan.
It was only in September 1967 that the accusation of Crimean Tatars having collaborated with Nazis was finally dropped and that the Crimean Tatars could go back to their country. However, they faced many problems with the authorities. Musa Mamut returned to his native Crimea in 1975. He purchased a home in a village outside Simferopol, the peninsula’s capital. However, he was denied a “propiska," the notorious Soviet-era regulation designed to control internal population movement by binding a person to his or her permanent place of residence.
Unable to obtain the necessary residence permit, Mamut was arrested and sentenced to two years in prison for violating the propiska rule.
Despite being released from prison nine months early because of his diligence at work and his model behavior, Mamut continued to be harassed by local authotities. Less than a year after his release, new criminal charges were brought against Mamut and his wife.
When the authorities came to take him away, Mamut doused himself with gasoline and lit a match.
Crimean historian Gulnara Bekyrova compares Mamut to the Czech patriot and national hero Jan Palach. Palach also committed suicide by setting himself on fire in January 1969 to protest the crushing of the Prague Spring reforms by Soviet-led troops.