Memorial to Russian impress Catherine II, also known as Catherine the Great, will open in Crimean city of Feodosia on July 26-27, in the frameworks of Feodosia Day and Russian Navy Day.
The Catherine II annexed Crimea in 1783, nine years after the Crimean Khanate had gained nominal independence—which had been guaranteed by Russia—from the Ottoman Empire as a result of her first war against the Turks.
The residence of Crimean Khans passed into the hands of the Russians. In 1786 Catherine conducted a triumphal procession in the Crimea, which helped provoke the next Russo–Turkish War.
Following the annexation Crimean Tatars began to abandon their homes and move to the Ottoman Empire in continuing waves of emigration. Of total Tatar population 300,000 of the Taurida Governorate about 200,000 Crimean Tatars emigrated. Today the descendants of these Crimeans form the Crimean Tatar diaspora in Bulgaria, Romania and Turkey.
Catherine also assimilated the Islamic schools into the Russian public school system, to be regulated by the government.